By Wim Zonneveld
The structure of the human language school has been one of many major foci of the linguistic learn of the final part century. This department of linguistics, commonly referred to as Generative Grammar, is anxious with the formula of explanatory formal money owed of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior target of gaining perception into the houses of the 'language organ'. The sequence contains prime quality monographs and picked up volumes that tackle such matters. the themes during this sequence diversity from phonology to semantics, from syntax to info constitution, from mathematical linguistics to reports of the lexicon.
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Additional info for A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology
Geluien - ?? » - „ „ „ „ ,. •prayers' * sounds' •skins' »Jews» »Medes» »girls» »forests» »Swedes» attributive adjectives brede - breee" •wide» dode - dooie • dead· goede koude - goeie kouwe kwade - kwaaie luide oude — luie ouwe •good* •cold· •angry· •loud· •old« rode - rooie •red« wijde - wije «wide» - 26 - (no d-less form) „ snode wrede »vile1 'cruel1 and so forth. More relevant data will toe provided as the discussion develops· The general picture will no doubt be clear from these examples. As an approximation to an analysis of the data in ( 2 ) , (3), and (16), let me first make a distinction between two sorts of cases: (i) those where (1 is affected when following a vowel; and (ii) those where d_ is affected when following a diphthong.
After vowels, a is generally replaced by j_» although this is expressed in spelling in two different ways: :i appears after the back vowels oe, oo, and aa, while after the front vowels ijs and £e the phonetic appearance of j_ is indicated by a diaraesis over the following vowel: β. ' 'to guess* vs. bieBn [bijo] « t o offer' kleee"n [kle:je] 'to dress' Within class (ii), the alternations involving diphthongs, the situation is somewhat different. Although spelling suggests simply deletion of d after front diphthongs, and d > w after ou, in actual fact d is replaced in all cases with a glide homorganic to the Off-glide' of the preceding diphthong.
This is shown in (19), where (a) gives some alternations of the type exemplified in (18), and where (b) provides words consisting of diphthongal stem plus ending, homophonous to the d-less counterparts of the (a)-column. · •to chew· Oije] [lAyjar] [yauwe] [kauws] (where ou and au are spelling variants of the same diphthong). Thus, any rule necessary to account for the homorganic glides in (19b) will be able to account for the glides in the corresponding forms of (19a). Therefore, what seems to happen in the alternations displayed thus far in ( 2 ) , (3), and (16) is that (i) d is replaced with j__ after vowels; and (ii) d is deleted after diphthongs.
A Formal Theory of Exceptions in Generative Phonology by Wim Zonneveld